SNOE Publications

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Journal Papers (PDF)

Barth, C. A. (2010), Joule heating and nitric oxide in the thermosphere, 2, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A10305, doi:10.1029/2010JA015565.
[JGR] [PDF]

Barth, C. A., G. Lu, and R. G. Roble (2009), Joule heating and nitric oxide in the thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A05301, doi:10.1029/2008JA013765. [JGR] [PDF]

Sætre, C., C. A. Barth, J. Stadsnes, N. Østgaard, S. M. Bailey, D. N. Baker, G. A. Germany, and J. W. Gjerloev (2007), Thermospheric nitric oxide at higher latitudes: Model calculations with auroral energy input, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A08306, doi:10.1029/2006JA012203. [JGR] [PDF]

Sætre, C., C. A. Barth, J. Stadsnes, N. Østgaard, S. M. Bailey, D. N. Baker, and J. W. Gjerloev (2006), Comparisons of electron energy deposition derived from observations of lower thermospheric nitric oxide and from X-ray bremsstrahlung measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A04302, doi:10.1029/2005JA011391. [JGR] [PDF]

Sætre, C., J. Stadsnes, H. Nesse, A. Aksnes, S. M. Petrinec, C. A. Barth, D. N. Baker, R. R. Vondrak, and N. Østgaard (2004), Energetic electron precipitation and the NO abundance in the upper atmosphere: A direct comparison during a geomagnetic storm, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A09302, doi:10.1029/2004JA010485. [JGR] [PDF]

Barth, C. A., D. N. Baker, and S. M. Bailey (2004), Seasonal variation of auroral electron precipitation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L04809, doi:10.1029/2003GL018892 [GRL] [PDF]

Barth, C. A., and S. M. Bailey (2004), Comparison of a thermospheric photochemical model with Student Nitric Oxide Explorer (SNOE) observations of nitric oxide, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A03304, doi:10.1029/2003JA010227, 2004. [JGR] [PDF]

Merkel, A. W., G. E. Thomas, S. E. Palo, and S. M. Bailey, Observations of the 5-day planetary wave in PMC measurements from the Student Nitric Oxide Explorer Satellite, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(4), 1196, doi:10.1029/2002GL016524, 2003. [GRL] [PDF]

Petrinec, S.M., W. L. Imhof, C. A. Barth, K. D. Mankoff, D. N. Baker, and J. G. Luhmann, Comparisons of thermospheric high-latitude nitric oxide observations from SNOE and global auroral X-ray bremsstrahlung observations from PIXIE, J. Geophys. Res., 108(A3), 1123, 2003. [JGR] [PDF]

Barth, C.A., K.D. Mankoff, S.M. Bailey and S.C. Solomon, Global Observations of Nitric Oxide in the Thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 2003. [JGR] [PDF]

Barth, C.A., D.N. Baker, K.D. Mankoff, and S.M. Bailey, Magnetospheric Control of the Energy Input into the Thermosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 2002. [GRL] [PDF]

Bailey, S.M., C.A. Barth, and S.C. Solomon, A model of nitric oxide in the lower thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 2002. [JGR] [PDF]

Merkel, A.W., C.A. Barth, and S.M. Bailey, Altitude determination of ultraviolet measurements made by the Student Nitric Oxide Explorer, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 30283-30290, 2001. [JGR] [PDF]

Baker, D.N., C.A. Barth, K.D. Mankoff, S.G. Kanekal, S.M. Bailey, G.M. Mason, and J.E. Mazur, Relationships between precipitating auroral zone electrons and lower thermosphere nitric oxide densities: 1998 - 2000, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 24465-24480, 2001. [JGR] [PDF]

Solomon, S.C., S.M. Bailey, and T.N. Woods, Effect of solar soft X-rays on the lower ionosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2149-2152, 2001. [GRL] [PDF]

Barth, C.A., D.N. Baker, K.D. Mankoff, and S.M. Bailey, The Northern Auroral Region as Observed in Nitric Oxide, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 1463-1466, 2001. [GRL] [PDF]

Baker, D.N., Effects of the Sun on the Earth's Environment, J. Atmos. and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 62, 2000. [ScienceDirect]

Bailey, S.M., T.N. Woods, C.A. Barth, S.C. Solomon, L.R. Canfield, and R. Korde, Measurements of the solar soft X-ray irradiance by the Student Nitric Oxide Explorer: First analysis and underflight calibrations, J. Geophys. Res, 105, 27179-27193, 2000. [JGR] [PDF]

Barth, C.A, S.M. Bailey, and S.C. Solomon, Solar-Terrestrial Coupling: Solar Soft X-rays and Thermospheric Nitric Oxide, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 1251-1254, 1999. [GRL] [PDF]

Bailey, S.M., T.N. Woods, C.A. Barth, and S.C. Solomon, Measurements of the Solar Soft X-ray Irradiance from the Student Nitric Oxide Explorer, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 1255-1258, 1999. [GRL] [PDF]

Solomon, S.C., and C.A. Barth, Auroral Production of Nitric Oxide Measured by the SNOE Satellite, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 1259-1262, 1999. [GRL] [PDF]


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Conference Posters and Presentations (HTML)

Bailey, S.M., et al., Precipitating auroral electrons and lower thermospheric nitric oxide densities: SNOE, POLAR, SAMPEX, and NOAA/POES Comparisons for Geomagnetic Storms in 1998-2003, IUGG, Sapporo, Japan, June 30 - July 11, 2003.

Barth, C.A., S.M. Bailey, and K.D. Mankoff, Comparison of a Thermospheric Photochemical Model with SNOE Observations of Nitric Oxide, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 6 - 10, 2002.

Fox, J.L., The Response of the Martian Thermosphere/Ionosphere to Enhanced Fluxes of Soft X Rays, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 6 - 10, 2002.

Eastes, R.W., et al., Correlation between the Thermospheric Temperature Derived from ARGOS Observations of N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield Emission and Solar Soft X-ray Observations from SNOE, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 6 - 10, 2002.

Bailey, S.M., G Crowley, S.C. Solomon, and D.N. Baker, The response of Thermospheric Nitric Oxide to the Geomagnetic Storm of April 2002, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 6 - 10, 2002.

Baker, D.N., et al., Tracing the Sun-Earth Connection: The Solar Particle Chain in April 2002, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 6 - 10, 2002.

Merkel, A.W., et al., Dynamical Analysis of Global Polar Mesospheric Cloud Measurements from the SNOE Spacecraft, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 28-31, 2002.

Bailey, S.M., et al., TIMED/SEE and SNOE/SXP Observations of the Solar Soft X-ray Irradiance, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 28-31, 2002.

Eastes, R., et al., Correlation Between Coincident Solar Soft X-Ray Flux and Satellite Drag Measurements, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 28-31, 2002.

Stevens, M.H., et al., PMCs From Space Shuttle Exhaust: A Reservoir From Above, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 28-31, 2002.

Baker, D.N., et al., Precipitating auroral electrons and lower thermospheric nitric oxide densities: SNOE, POLAR, SAMPEX, and NOAA/POES Comparisons for Geomagnetic Storms in 1998-2001, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 28-31, 2002.

Mankoff, K.D., C.A. Barth, and S.M. Bailey,
The Student Nitric Oxide Explorer (SNOE) Database, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 10-14, 2001.

Barth, C.A., D.N. Baker, K.D. Mankoff, and S.M. Bailey, Energy Input into the Auroral Region Lower Thermosphere, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 10-14, 2001.

Petrinec, S.M., D.L. Chenette, W.L. Imhof, D.N. Baker, C.A. Barth, K.D. Mankoff et al., A Multi-spacecraft Study of the Magnetospheric Influence on Ionospheric Chemistry - a Detailed Examination of Recent Geomagnetically Active Periods, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 10-14, 2001.

Solomon, S.C., et al., Ion Composition in the E Region, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 10-14, 2001.

Bailey, S.M., et al., Photoelectron fluxes observed by FAST compared with model predictions incorporating SNOE observations of the solar soft X-ray irradiance, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 10-14, 2001.

Woods, T.N., et al., Solar EUV and X-ray Irradiance: Recent Results and New Prospects, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 10-14, 2001.

Merkel, A.W., G.E. Thomas, and S.M. Bailey, Global Images of Polar Mesospheric Clouds from the SNOE Spacecraft, Intertional Workshop on Layered Phenomena in the Mesopause Region, Monterey, CA, Oct. 10 - 12, 2001.

Merkel, A.W., G.E. Thomas, S.M. Bailey, and C.A. Barth, Global Images of Polar Mesospheric Clouds from the SNOE Spacecraft, AGU, Spring Meeting, Boston, MA, May 28 - June 1, 2001.

Bailey, S.M., et al., The Climatology of Polar Mesospheric Clouds From the Student Nitric Oxide Explorer, AGU Spring Meeting, Boston, MA, May 18 - June 1, 2001.

Solomon, S.C., et al., Nitric Oxide in the Mesosphere and Thermosphere: Dynamical Coupling and Vertical Transport, AGU, Spring Meeting, Boston, MA, May 18 - June 1, 2001.

Siskind, D.E., et al., Climatology of Nitric Oxide in the Summer Polar Mesopause Region, AGU, Spring Meeting, Boston, MA, May 18 - June 1, 2001.

Baker, D.N., et al., Relationships between precipitating auroral zone electrons and lower thermospheric nitric oxide densities: 1998 - 2000, AGU, Spring Meeting, Boston, MA, May 18 - June 1, 2001.

Solomon, S.C. and S.M. Bailey, Electron Densities in the Mid-latitude E and F1 Ionosphere: Measurements, Models, and the Effects of New Solar Soft X-ray Observations, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 15-19, 2000.

Petrinec, S.M., D.L. Chenette, W.L. Imhof, C.A. Barth, K.D. Mankoff, D.N. Baker, and J.G. Luhman, Comparing Energetic Auroral Precipitation as Observed by PIXIE and Nitric Oxide as Observed by SNOE, S-RAMP 2000, Sapporo, Japan, October 2-5, 2000.

Mankoff, K.D., C.A. Barth, D.N. Baker, W.M. Merkel, S.M. Petrinec, D.L. Chenette, et al., Comparison of SNOE, POLAR, and SAMPEX Observations of the Magnetosphere- Thermosphere Interaction during the 1998 Geomagnetic Storms, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 30 - June 3, 2000.

Barth, C.A., Energy Input into the High Latitude Ionosphere/Thermosphere, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 30 - June 3, 2000.

Bailey, S.M., T.N. Woods, C.A. Barth, and S.C. Solomon, Validation and analysis of 1.5 years of solar soft X-ray irradiance measurements for the SNOE satellite, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 30 - June 3, 2000.

Baker, D.N., C.A. Barth, K.D. Mankoff, S.C. Solomon, S.G. Kanekal, S.M. Petrinec, et al., Large Solar Disturbances and Their Geospace Impacts: SNOE, SAMPEX, and POLAR Observations, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 30 -June 3, 2000.

Hendrix, A.R., C.A. Barth, and K.D. Mankoff, SNOE Observations of Auroral Ultraviolet Emissions and Nitric Oxide Density During Geomagnetic Storms, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 30 -June 3, 2000.

Petrinec, S.M., D.L. Chenette, W.L. Imhof, C.A. Barth, K.D. Mankoff, D.N. Baker et al., Comparisons of X-ray emissions from PIXIE and nitric oxide emissions from SNOE for magnetosphere storm intervals, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 30 - June 3, 2000.

Solomon, S.C., C.A. Barth, R.G. Roble, and S.M. Bailey, General Circulation Modeling of Nitric Oxide in the High-Latitude Thermosphere, AGU, Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, May 30 -June 3, 2000.

Barth, C.A., How the Sun Controls Nitric Oxide in the Thermosphere, AGU, Nicolet Lecture, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 13-17, 1999.

Barth, C.A., S.M. Bailey, S.C. Solomon, K.D. Mankoff, and A.W. Merkel, Global Images of Nitric Oxide in the Thermosphere, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 13-17, 1999.

Bailey, S.M., C.A. Barth, and G.E. Thomas, Observations of Polar Mesospheric Clouds by the Student Nitric Oxide Explorer, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 13-17, 1999.

Bailey, S.M., C.A. Barth, S.C. Solomon, W.K. Peterson, J.P. McFaddon, and W.C. Carlson, Measurements of the Terrestrial Photoelectron Flux by FAST and Correlation with Solar Irradiance Measurements by SNOE over Two Solar Rotation Periods, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 13-17, 1999.

Baker, D.N., C.A. Barth, S.C. Solomon, S.M. Bailey, S.G. Kanekal, G.M. Mason, and J.E. Mazur, Solar Eruptions, Solar Wind Streams, and Their Combined Geospace Consequences: SNOE, SAMPEX, and ISTP Observations in 1998, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 13-17, 1999.

Barth, C.A., S.M. Bailey, and S.C. Solomon, Thermospheric Nitric Oxide on the Day the Solar Wind Almost Disappeared, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 13-17, 1999.

Thomas, G.E., et al., Observations of Polar Mesospheric Clouds by the Student Nitric Oxide Explorer, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 13-17, 1999.

Bailey, S.M., C.A. Barth, T.N. Woods, and S.C. Solomon, Simultaneous Measurements of Solar Soft X-ray Irradiance and Thermospheric Nitric Oxide from the SNOE Satellite, AGU, Spring Meeting, Boston, MA, June 1-4, 1999.

Baker, D.N., C.A. Barth, S.C. Solomon, S.M. Bailey, and S.G. Kanekal, Magnetosphere-Thermosphere Coupling: The Last Leg of the Sun-Earth Connection, AGU, Spring Meeting, Boston, MA, June 1-4, 1999.

Barth, C.A., Odd Nitrogen Reaction Rates in the Thermosphere, AGU, Spring Meeting, Boston, MA, June 1-4, 1999.

Barth, C.A., D.N. Baker, S.C. Solomon, S.M. Bailey, and S.G. Kanekal, Comparison of Measurements of Energetic Electron Fluxes in the Magnetosphere and Nitric Oxide in the Thermosphere, AGU, Spring Meeting, Boston, MA, June 1-4, 1999.

Solomon, S.C., C.A. Barth, S.M. Bailey, W. Wang, T.L. Killeen et al., Measurements and Models of Thermospheric Nitric Oxide Produced by Auroral Precipitation, AGU, Spring Meeting, Boston, MA, June 1-4, 1999.

Bailey, S.M., C.A. Barth, T.N. Woods, and S.C. Solomon, SNOE Measurements of the Solar Soft X-ray Irradiance, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 6-10, 1998.

Barth, C.A., Nitric Oxide in the Thermosphere: Four Important Questions, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 6-10, 1998.

Barth, C.A., S.M. Bailey, and S.C. Solomon, SNOE Measurements of Nitric Oxide in the Thermosphere, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 6-10, 1998.

Solomon, S.C., C.A. Barth, and S.M. Bailey, Auroral Production of Nitric Oxide Measured by SNOE, AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 6-10, 1998.

Solomon, S.C., et al., Early Results from the Student Nitric Oxide Explorer, AGU Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, May 26-29, 1998.

Solomon, S.C., et al., Scientific Objectives of the Student Nitric Oxide Explorer, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 8-12, 1997.

Posters and presentations available in HTML format are reproduced/modified by permission American Geophysical Union.


Spacecraft (PDF)

Solomon, S.C., S.M. Bailey, C.A. Barth, R.L. Davis, J.A. Donnelly, T.E. Holden, et al.,
The SNOE Spacecraft: Integration, Test, Launch, Operation, and On-orbit Performance, AIAA, 1998.

Salada, M.A., S.M. Ryan, J.A. Donnelly, and G.A. Tate, Software Lessons from the University of Colorado's Student Nitric Oxide Explorer, AIAA, 1998.

Solomon, S.C., C.A. Barth, P. Axelrad, S.M. Bailey, R. Brown, R.L. Davis, et al., The Student Nitric Oxide Explorer, Proc. SPIE, 2810, 121, 1996.

Bailey, S.M., C.A. Barth, M.J. Erickson, R.A. Kohnert, A.W. Merkel, E.M. Merkel, et al., Science Instrumentation for the Student Nitric Oxide Explorer, Proc. SPIE, 2830, 264, 1996.

Salada, M.A. and R.L. Davis, SNOE Telemetry and Flight Software Design, AIAA, 1995.