Science Seminars

Constraining the Composition of Exo-planetary Material Around White Dwarf Stars

Speaker: Amy Steele (McGill Space Institute)
Date: Thursday, Feb 03, 2022
Time: 4:00 PM
Location: Zoom

Seminar Abstract:
There is evidence that main sequence (MS), giant, and white dwarf (WD) stars have circumstellar (C-S) material that originates from the small-body populations of their planetary systems. How (if at all) are the planetesimals around MS and WD stars related? One way to address this question is to begin at the end of the stellar life cycle for sun-like stars, with the ~30% of WDs that have unexpected heavy elements in their photospheres. This pollution likely arises from the accretion of planetesimals that were perturbed by outer planet(s) to the WD’s tidal radius. These planetesimals sublimate, turning into C-S gas, and accrete onto the WD surface. In this talk, I describe a method to determine the abundances of elements producing C-S gas features in the spectra of the ~30 known polluted WDs with emission features and highlight my current efforts to build a database of models for these types of systems. This work will provide a key to quickly understand the instantaneous composition of the material flowing from these (exo)planetesimals and will eventually make this type of modeling more accessible in the future