Wave-induced Atmospheric Variability Enterprise

Next generation space weather prediction

People

Cora Randall

WAVE Principal Investigator
Cora Randall is a Distinguished Professor at the University of Colorado Boulder in the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, and in the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics. Her main area of expertise is remote sensing of the earth’s middle atmosphere, with particular emphasis on the polar regions. She investigates processes related to stratospheric ozone depletion, polar mesospheric clouds, and atmospheric coupling through solar and magnetospheric energetic particle precipitation. Professor Randall is a current or prior member of numerous international satellite science teams, and is principal investigator on the Cloud Imaging and Particle Size (CIPS) instrument onboard the NASA Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM) satellite. She has won a number of awards in recognition of her scientific contributions, and is an elected fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Affiliations: University of Colorado Boulder ATOC/LASP 
Email: cora.randall@lasp.colorado.edu

Lynn Harvey

WAVE Project Manager
Lynn Harvey is the project manager for WAVE. Her primary research interest is understanding how the wintertime polar vortex is coupled to remote regions of the atmosphere-ionosphere system. Her research is conducted using observations and numerical model simulations synergistically.

Affiliations: Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado 
E-mail: lynn.harvey@lasp.colorado.edu
Phone: 303-492-2920

WAVE Co-investigators

Joan Alexander

Senior Research Scientist
Joan Alexander is a senior research scientist at NorthWest Research Associates (NWRA). Her main area of expertise is the observational analysis of stratospheric gravity waves and tropospheric gravity wave sources, with a focus on validation of gravity wave resolving models.

Affiliations: NorthWest Research Associates (NWRA) 
Email: alexand@nwra.com
Phone: 720-772-5629

Erich Becker

Research Scientist
Erich Becker is a research scientist at NWRA since 2019; he was formerly a professor at the University of Rostock and a department head at the Leibniz Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP) in Germany. His main area of expertise is atmospheric dynamics and global modeling. Erich has worked on topics like interhemispheric coupling, energetics of gravity waves (GWs), macro-turbulence, wave mixing, thermal tides, and multi-step vertical coupling due to GWs. He developed the High Altitude Mechanistic general Circulation Model (HIAMCM), which is a high-resolution global model with explicit simulation of GWs from the surface up to about 450 km, including the possibility to specify the large-scale dynamics in the lower atmosphere using reanalysis or forecast data.

Affiliations: NorthWest Research Associates (NWRA) 
Email: erich.becker@nwra.com

Laura Holt

Research Scientist
Dr. Laura Holt is a research scientist at NorthWest Research Associates in Boulder, CO. She received her PhD in Atmospheric Science from the University of Colorado in 2013 under the supervision of Dr. Cora Randall. Her research interests include using global high-resolution models and observations to study atmospheric gravity waves. She is co-leader of the SPARC Gravity Wave Activity, an activity that is sponsored by the World Climate Research Programme’s (WCRP) Stratosphere-Troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) project. She also currently serves on the American Meteorological Society Middle Atmosphere Committee.

Affiliations: NorthWest Research Associates (NWRA) 
Email: laura@nwra.com
Phone: 303-415-9701

Kayo Ide

Associate Professor
Kayo Ide is an inter-disciplinary researcher who contributes to advance the numerical weather prediction beyond state-of-the-art with extensive experience in science and technology. Her specialties include the development and the advancement of data assimilation system, as well as observing system design, in both theory and practice.

Affiliations: University of Maryland 
Email: ide@umd.edu

John Keller

Director of Fiske Planetarium
Dr. John Keller, a planetary scientist with research interests in astronomy education and teacher preparation arrived at the University of Colorado in January 2018 and serves as Director of Fiske Planetarium. Keller is involved in the WAVE Project as coordinator of Broader Impacts efforts for the project. Previously, Keller was an Associate Professor in the Physics Department and Co-Director for the Center for Engineering, Science, and Mathematics Education at California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo. Dr. Keller completed his PhD in Planetary Science at the University of Arizona where he worked for the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission. His dissertation also involved the development of a concept inventory instrument to uncover student misconceptions regarding the greenhouse effect. Keller is currently Co-PI for the Research and Education Cooperative Occultation Network (RECON), an NSF-funded citizen science astronomy research project involving communities across the western United States to measure the sizes of Kuiper Belt Objects.

Affiliations: University of Colorado Boulder, Fiske Planetarium 
Email: john.m.keller@colorado.edu
Phone: 303-735-8356

Naomi Maruyama

Senior Research Scientist
Naomi Maruyama is the main developer of the ionosphere-plasmasphere-electrodynamics (IPE) model. She has done major development of the interface between IPE and the Whole Atmosphere Model (WAM). For the WAVE project, she will perform WAM-IPE model simulations, implement the new GW drag parameterization, and evaluate its impact on PW-GW interaction, the overall dynamics, and their subsequent impact on ion-neutral coupling in the thermosphere.

Affiliations: Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado 
Email: naomi.maruyama@lasp.colorado.edu

Sarah McDonald

Research Physicist
Dr. Sarah McDonald is a research physicist and the Head of the Ionospheric Physics and Applications Section in the Space Science Division at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington DC. Her primary research interests are in modeling the low-latitude ionosphere and investigating coupling with the lower atmosphere.

Affiliations: Naval Research Laboratory 
Email: sarah.mcdonald at nrl.navy.mil

Nick Pedatella

Research Scientist
Nick Pedatella's primary research interest is in understanding the influence of lower atmospheric waves on the spatial and temporal variability of the upper atmosphere. His research is conducted primarily using numerical model simulations, and he is the developer of the data assimilation version of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) and WACCM with thermosphere-ionosphere eXtension (WACCMX).

Affiliations: High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research 
E-mail: nickp@ucar.edu
Phone: 303-497-2619

Fabrizio Sassi

Research Physicist
Fabrizio Sassi has expertise in whole atmosphere interactions, and specifically upper atmosphere dynamics and thermosphere-ionosphere coupling. He is a Research Physicist at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington DC.

Affiliations: Naval Research Laboratory 
Email: fabrizio.sassi at nrl.navy.mil

Sharon Vadas

Senior Research Scientist
Sharon Vadas is a senior research scientist at NorthWest Research Associates (NWRA). Her main area of expertise is modeling atmospheric gravity waves (GWs) in the Earth’s lower to upper atmosphere. She investigates processes related to GW propagation and dissipation of convectively-generated GWs in the thermosphere, and radiation of secondary and higher-order GWs from local body forces from GW breaking/dissipation in the stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere. She is especially interested in relating theory and modeling results with GW observations in the stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, and ionosphere. She received a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago in 1993, was a President's Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of California Berkeley from 1993-1995, then was a post-doctoral research fellow at the University of Colorado, Boulder, LASP from 1995-1996 before joining NWRA in 1996.

Affiliations: NorthWest Research Associates (NWRA) 
Email: vasha@nwra.com
Phone: 303-415-9701 x 202

Jia Yue

Research Scientist
Jia Yue is the ionosphere thermosphere mesosphere domain scientist at the NASA Goddard Community Coordinated Modeling Center. Jia has extensive experience in observations of gravity waves, planetary waves and tides using multiple satellite sensors and ground-based optical techniques. He has investigated gravity wave coupling of the terrestrial lower atmosphere and space weather. He is also interested in gravity wave parameterization and modeling.

Affiliations: Catholic University of America and NASA GSFC 
Email: jia.yue@nasa.gov
Phone: 301-286-1070

Nikolay Zabotin

Research Professor
Dr. Nikolay Zabotin’s main area of expertise includes development and applications of the phase-based ionospheric radio sounding technique – Dynasonde, representing a very sensitive tool for the detection and characterization of waves and tides in the upper atmosphere. His most recent studies were devoted to atmospheric resonances and to connections between the infragravity wave activity in the ocean, in the Antarctic ice shelves and gravity waves in the atmosphere.

Affiliations: University of Colorado Boulder Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering
Email: nikolay.zabotin@colorado.edu

WAVE Partners

Ulrich Achatz

Professor
Ulrich Achatz is a professor (Theory of Atmospheric Dynamics and Climate) at the Goethe Universität in Frankfurt/Main, Germany. He is mainly interested in scale interactions in atmospheric dynamics, e.g., the prognostic modelling of subgrid-scale gravity waves and their impact on the flow resolved by atmospheric weather and climate models.

Affiliations: Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Frankfurt/Main, Germany
Email: achatz@iau.uni-frankfurt.de

Jon Allured

Technology Support, WAVE Broadening Impacts
Jon Allured supports educational technology integration at Fiske Planetarium and Sommers-Bausch Observatory at the University of Colorado Boulder. With an academic background in Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences and Computer Science, as well as experience supporting various projects for Fiske Productions, Jon will support WAVE Broadening Impacts both generally through computer support and specifically with collaborative efforts involving PhET educational simulation development and GLOBE/Aurorasaurus citizen science module integration.

Affiliations: University of Colorado, Fiske Planetarium
Email: Jonathan.Allured@colorado.edu

Jeff Anderson

Data Assimilation Scientist
Jeff Anderson is a senior scientist and head of the Data Assimilation Research Section at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Dr. Anderson is an expert on ensemble data assimilation, earth system prediction and uncertainty quantification. His team develops and maintains the Data Assimilation Research Testbed (DART), a community facility that provides state-of-the-art ensemble data assimilation tools and interfaces to dozens of earth system models. Dr. Anderson is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society.

Affiliations: National Center for Atmospheric Research, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory
Email: jla@ucar.edu

Irfan Azeem

Deputy Division Chief
Irfan Azeem’s expertise includes specialization in optical and radar remote sensing of the upper atmosphere, GPS signal processing, ionospheric physics, middle atmospheric dynamics, and advanced mathematical methods in scientific data analysis. He has developed sophisticated GPS TEC processing algorithms for generating maps of Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances associated with gravity waves and acoustic gravity waves.

Affiliations: Research to Operations and Project Planning Division (ROPPD), Office of Projects Planning and Analysis (OPPA), NOAA/NESDIS
Email: irfan.azeem@noaa.gov

Martina Bramberger

Research Scientist
Martina Bramberger is a research scientist at NorthWest Research Associates (NWRA). She received her PhD in 2019 from the Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich, Germany. Her main area of expertise is the analysis of stratospheric gravity waves and their tropospheric sources by combining gravity wave resolving numerical models with observations.

Affiliations: NorthWest Research Associates
E-mail: martina@nwra.com

Min-Yang Chou

Research Scientist
Min-Yang Chou is a research scientist at the Coordinated Community Modeling Center at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. His research interest is understanding how atmospheric waves affect the ionosphere by using various ground-based, spaceborne satellite observations and numerical models. His current research focuses on understanding the impacts of atmospheric gravity waves on the formation of equatorial ionospheric plasma bubbles.

Affiliations: Catholic University of America/NASA GSFC
E-mail: min-yang.chou@nasa.gov
Phone: 301-286-6309

Emily CoBabe-Ammann

Director, Strategic Projects, Research and Innovation Office, CU Boulder
Dr. CoBabe-Ammann serves as chief research strategist for the University of Colorado, working with departments, colleges, centers, and institutes to develop new research directions that align with national interests. Emily looks for new models for researchers to partner in highly interdisciplinary spaces that will lead to increased opportunities for discovery.

Affiliations: University of Colorado, Boulder
Email: cobabee@colorado.edu

Larry Coy

Research Scientist, NASA GMAO
Larry Coy is a Research Scientist at NASA’s Global Modeling and Assimilation Office / Science Systems and Applications, Inc. Larry investigates middle atmosphere dynamics, predictability, and vertical coupling based on global models, data assimilation systems, and observations.

Affiliations: NASA’s Global Modeling and Assimilation Office
Email: lawrence.coy@nasa.gov
Phone: 301-614-6178

Tzu-Wei Fang

Space Scientist
Dr. Fang leads the development and operational team at SWPC to accomplish the research to operation (R2O) process for the coupled WAM-IPE, provides guidance and direction to model development, prioritizes tasks, and works with end-users to design products for space weather forecasts. Her expertise on ionosphere-atmosphere coupling using whole atmosphere models will help the WAVE team to define the tasks that will lead to a broader impact on the space weather community.

Affiliations: NOAA SWPC
Email: tzu-wei.fang@noaa.gov
Neil Hindley

Neil Hindley

Research Scientist
Neil Hindley is a research scientist at the University of Bath, UK. Neil's current research focuses on the study of middle atmospheric gravity wave dynamics using a variety of satellite remote sensing techniques, radar observations and numerical modelling. He specializes in the spectral analysis of multi-dimensional datasets to measure gravity wave characteristics and high-quality visualizations.

Affiliations: Centre for Space, Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Bath, UK
Email: n.hindley@bath.ac.uk

Yuta Hozumi

Researcher
Yuta Hozumi is a researcher at the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), Japan. He is currently investigating Earth's upper atmosphere using remote sensing techniques. Yuta has experience with optical observations of the Earth's mesosphere, thermosphere and ionosphere taken from the International Space Station and from a satellite in geostationary orbit. His research interests are in the dynamics of Earth’s upper atmosphere and include gravity waves, tides, planetary waves, and ionospheric disturbances.

Affiliations: National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), Japan 
Email: hozumi@nict.go.jp

Chih-Ting Hsu

Postdoctoral Researcher
Dr. Hsu specializes in assimilating thermospheric and ionospheric remote sensing data using the ensemble data assimilation technique. As a postdoctoral fellow at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Dr. Hsu currently works on assessing the impact of assimilating upper atmospheric data on the monitoring and forecasting of the lower atmosphere and ionosphere using a whole atmospheric model, WACCMX.

Affiliations: High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research  
Email: chihting@ucar.edu

Briana Ingermann

Education Programs Manager, Fiske Planetarium, CU Boulder
Briana Ingermann is the Education Programs Manager at Fiske Planetarium and is passionate about inspiring people to be curious about their world. She brings her expertise in effective science communication to the WAVE Project as part of the Broader Impacts team, helping to translate WAVE science into educational activities for middle school students.

Affiliations: University of Colorado Boulder, Fiske Planetarium 
Email: briana.ingermann@colorado.edu

Carla Johns

Fiske Planetarium Membership, Marketing & Digital Strategy Manager
Carla Johns is the Social Media Specialist for WAVE. She works with a talented team of students to share the amazing stories of WAVE’s discoveries and research with the broader community. Additionally, she is the Membership, Marketing & Digital Strategy Manager at CU’s Fiske Planetarium.

Affiliations: University of Colorado Boulder, Fiske Planetarium and SSERVI Network for Exploration and Space Science 
Email: Carla.Johns@colorado.edu

Young-Ha Kim

Research Scientist
Young-Ha Kim is a postdoctoral researcher at Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany. His research interests are atmospheric waves, middle atmosphere dynamics, and global modeling. The current focus of his research includes the convective source and ray-based parameterization of gravity waves as well as the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) modeling.

Affiliations: Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Germany
Email: kim@iau.uni-frankfurt.de

Masaru Kogure

Research Fellow, Kyushu University, Japan
Masaru Kogure is a middle atmosphere scientist at Kyushu University, Japan. Masaru has studied gravity waves using ground-based observations in the Antarctic as well as multiple satellite observations. He has also investigated gravity waves and tides in whole atmosphere models.

Affiliations: Kyushu University 
E-mail: kogure.masaru.695@m.kyushu-u.ac.jp

Peter Hjort Lauritzen

Senior Scientist
Peter Hjort Lauritzen is a senior scientist in NCAR's Climate and Global Dynamics (CGD) laboratory. He is a key developer of the atmospheric component of the Community Earth System Model (CESM) with expertise in numerical methods for dynamical cores, conservation principles, physics-dynamics coupling, and transport schemes. For more details see https://www.cgd.ucar.edu/cms/pel/.

Affiliations: National Center for Atmospheric Research, Atmospheric Modeling and Prediction (AMP) section, Climate and Global Dynamics (CGD) laboratory 
E-mail: pel@ucar.edu

Dan Marsh

Senior Scientist
Dan Marsh is a Senior Scientist in NCAR's Climate and Global Dynamics Laboratory and the High Altitude Observatory. He is also the Chair in Comparative Planetary Atmospheres at the Priestley International Centre for Climate, University of Leeds, UK. His main expertise is in the fields of whole atmosphere modeling, middle atmosphere composition and solar-terrestrial coupling and he has had a long-term interest in the interaction of chemistry and dynamics in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere.

Affiliations: National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA & University of Leeds, UK 
E-mail: marsh@ucar.edu

Joe McInerney

Associate Scientist
Joe McInerney is an Associate Scientist specializing in the development and validation of simulations from upper atmosphere and ionosphere physics and chemistry models. His primary effort is currently developing enhancements to the Community Earth System Model (CESM) Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model—eXtended (WACCM-X) and validating results. He also performs simulations and scientific analysis, along with model community support.

Affiliations: High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research 
E-mail: joemci@ucar.edu
Phone: 303-497-8073

Michael O’Rourke

Professor
Dr. O’Rourke is a professor in the Department of Philosophy at Michigan State University. In addition to conducting research on many aspects of team science, he has directed the Toolbox Dialogue Initiative since its inception. Michael will assist the WAVE DSC and the WAVE community with ways to conduct and study team science.

Affiliations: Michigan State University 
E-mail: orourk51@msu.edu

Kathy Perkins

Director, PhET Interactive Simulations
Dr. Perkins directs PhET Interactive Simulations at University of Colorado Boulder, and is a faculty member in Physics Education Research. Her work focuses on advancing the design and classroom use of interactive simulations to increase open educational resources. Kathy will oversee the design, development, and dissemination of a new PhET simulation to support student conceptual understanding of fundamental ideas important in atmospheric science and the process of modeling.

Affiliations: University of Colorado Boulder 
E-mail: katherine.perkins@Colorado.EDU

Laura Sandoval

Software Engineer
Dr. Sandoval is the Data Manager for WAVE. Her expertise includes providing guidance to scientists so that project results and associated data are open-access and available to the research community. Laura has been responsible for the data management and archiving for various NASA research grants.

Affiliations: University of Colorado, Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics 
E-mail: laura.sandoval@lasp.colorado.edu

Kaoru Sato

Professor
Kaoru Satois a professor of atmospheric physics at the University of Tokyo, Japan. She received her B.S. and M.S. degrees from the University of Tokyo and her Ph.D. degree from Kyoto University. Before serving in her present position, she worked as an assistant professor at the University of Tokyo and Kyoto University and as an associate professor at the National Institute of Polar Research. She has contributed to studies of the dynamics of the middle atmosphere focusing on gravity waves and their interplay with Rossby and Rossby-gravity waves.

Affiliations: Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo
Email: kaoru@eps.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Jennifer Tate

Senior Staff Physicist
Dr. Tate is a research scientist who focuses on physics-based modeling and scientific programming for high performance computing (HPC) systems. Her recent research activities have focused on development of an NRL-owned physics-based model of the ionosphere (SAMI3), and various aspects of thermosphere-ionosphere model coupling.

Affiliations: Computational Physics, Inc.

Jessica Taylor

WAVE Broadening Impacts Team
Dr. Taylor is on the broadening impacts team for WAVE. Jessica is the PI for NASA GLOBE Clouds, connecting hundreds of thousands of volunteers scientists to NASA’s research studies. She is also an expert in providing role model strategies to scientists to effectively engage youth, particularly girls, in STEM.

Affiliations: NASA Langley Research Center
Email: jessica.e.taylor@nasa.gov

Stephanie Vasko

Managing Director
Dr. Vasko is the Managing Director at the Center for Interdisciplinarity at Michigan State University. She is a team science researcher, specializing in designing workshops for teams focused on enhancing their communication and collaboration as part of the Toolbox Dialogue Initiative. She will consult with the WAVE DSC about communication and collaboration, strategic planning, project management, community engagement, workshop development, broader impacts, and trainings.

Affiliations: Center for Interdisciplinarity, Michigan State University
Email: vaskoste@msu.edu

Shingo Watanabe

Managing Director
Dr. Watanabe is the Deputy Director of the Center for Environmental Modeling and Applications (CEMA) of the Research Institute for Global Change (RIGC), Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC). He has been developing the Japanese Atmospheric General circulation model for Upper Atmosphere Research (JAGUAR) and the Model for Interdisciplinary Research on Climate (MIROC) Earth System Models to study the vertical coupling between the lower and middle atmospheres.

Affiliations: Research Center for Environmental Modeling and Application (CEMA) of the Research Institute for Global Change (RIGC), Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)
Email: wnabe@jamstec.go.jp

Corwin Wright

Senior Research Fellow
Corwin Wright is a Royal Society University Research Fellow and a Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Space, Atmospheric and Oceanic Science at the University of Bath, UK. His research focuses primarily on the study of atmospheric gravity waves in a wide range of observational datasets, with a particular focus on satellite techniques and the development of new wave characterization methods.

Affiliations: University of Bath, UK
Email: cw785@bath.ac.uk

WAVE Students

Colby Brabec

PhD Student, CU Boulder ATOC
Colby Brabec is a doctoral student at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Her research uses satellite observations of gravity waves and global models to study wave effects in the middle atmosphere. Colby is exploring the AIM CIPS gravity wave data to link concentric gravity waves observed at the stratopause (~50 km) to sources at the surface of the Earth. Her work also includes spectral analysis of gravity waves to quantify biases in climate models.

Affiliations: University of Colorado Boulder, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and NorthWest Research Associates (NWRA) 
Email: s.colby19@nwra.com
Phone: 303-415-9701 x230

Lindsay House

PhD Student, University of Texas Austin
Lindsay House is a doctoral student at the University of Texas in Austin in the department of Astronomy. Her research is in astronomy education research where she uses citizen science to help machine learning classify big data in astronomy. She is involved with WAVE broader impacts is working to incorporate WAVE into the Partnerships for Informal Science Education in the Community (PISEC) after school program.

Affiliations: Department of Astronomy, University of Texas Austin
Email: Lindsay.House@colorado.edu

Samantha Kornreich

Undergraduate Student, University of Colorado Boulder
Samantha Kornreich is a senior undergraduate at the University of Colorado Boulder completing a B.A. in Environmental Studies; she has 4 minors in Geology, Geography, Political Science, and Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences with an emphasis on GIS through the college of Arts and Sciences. Her studies have included time spent in Iceland and Finland, studying climate change in the Arctic and the science and politics surrounding it. She has worked at Fiske Planetarium as an Office Manager since January of 2019. Sam joined the WAVE team in September of 2020 as a part of the Broader Impacts team and is working to create a curriculum based on WAVE science that will be distributed to students as an after school program by the Partnerships for Informal Science Education in the Community (PISEC).

Affiliations: University of Colorado Boulder, Fiske Planetarium 
Email: sako5979@colorado.edu

Dai Koshin

PhD Student, The University of Tokyo
Dai Koshin is a doctoral student at the University of Tokyo. He is one of the developers of the Japanese Atmospheric General circulation model for Upper Atmosphere Research with Data Assimilation System (JAGUAR-DAS). JAGUAR-DAS is a data assimilation system for the atmosphere up to the lower thermosphere that uses a four-dimensional local ensemble transform Kalman filter. Dai uses model output to study the role of waves in the middle atmosphere on phenomena such as interhemispheric coupling and intra-seasonal oscillations.

Affiliations: Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo
Email: koshin@eps.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Sam Stevens

Undergraduate Student, University of Colorado Boulder
Sam Stevens is a nontraditional undergraduate student at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He is in the honors program and is majoring in Critical Media Practices while having completed a minor in Creative Technology and Design. Sam is the WAVE Webmaster, Social Media Manager, and Student Researcher.

Affiliations: University of Colorado Boulder, Fiske Planetarium
Email: sam.stevens@colorado.edu

Jack Wang

PhD Student, University of Colorado Boulder
Jack Wang is a doctoral student at the University of Colorado Boulder. His research interest primarily focuses on understanding how meteorological processes couple the lower and upper atmosphere through the vertical propagation of planetary-scale waves. His research is conducted using multiple global circulation models and observations from ground-based meteor radars to space-based instruments.

Affiliations: Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder
Email: jack.c.wang@colorado.edu

Shuang Xu

PhD Student, Hampton U.
Shuang Xu is a doctoral student at Hampton University. His research focuses gravity wave coupling between the troposphere and thermosphere. Shuang uses measurements from ground-based observations, space-borne optical observations, and wind and density measurements from satellite accelerometer instruments to study gravity waves at different altitudes. Results based on the observations can be used to improve the way gravity waves are parameterized innumerical models.

Affiliations: Hampton University, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences
Email: xushuang9999@gmail.com